Study Fast Facts
Normal physiological ageing | physical examination | laboratory values | presentation of disease | falls | cognitive impairment | delirium | pain | urinary and faecal incontinence | constipation | gait disorders | stroke disease | hypertension and hypotension | dementia | arthritis | osteoporosis | pressure ulcers | Parkinson's disease | drug treatment| psychiatric illness | functional assessment |complex multiple disabilities | aging and society| Rating scales | legal and ethics |aids| assessing competency | multidisciplinary team | community services | public health | care facilities
- Normal physiological ageing: the effects of ageing on organ systems and reduced functional reserve.
DHEA in Elderly Women and DHEA or Testosterone in Elderly Men
Nair K. S., Rizza R. A., O'Brien P., Dhatariya K., Short K. R., Nehra A., Vittone J. L., Klee G. G., Basu A., Basu R., Cobelli C., Toffolo G., Man C. D., Tindall D. J., Melton L. J. III, Smith G. E., Khosla S., Jensen M. D.
N Engl J Med 2006; 355:1647-1659, Oct 19, 2006. Original Articles
Aging and Fountain-of-Youth Hormones
Stewart P. M.
N Engl J Med 2006; 355:1724-1726, Oct 19, 2006. Editorials
Mechanisms of Disease: Age-Related Macular Degeneration
de Jong P. T.V.M.
N Engl J Med 2006; 355:1474-1485, Oct 5, 2006. Review Articles
- Alteration of normal physical examination with ageing.
- Interpretation of laboratory values in older people.
- Knowledge of the non specific and differing presentation of disease in elderly people.
- Management of the special syndromes encountered in old age:
2002 paper one question 6 Prevention of hip fractures - OP / Falls prevention
2004 paper two question 98 Delayed presenation of pelvic fracture following fall repeat question 2003
Clinical review Preventing fractures in elderly people
Anthony D Woolf and Kristina Åkesson
BMJ 2003; 327: 89-95.
Stress, Aging, and Neurodegenerative Disease
Morimoto R. I.
N Engl J Med 2006; 355:2254-2255, Nov 23, 2006. Clinical Implications of Basic Research
Current Concepts: Memory Dysfunction
Budson A. E., Price B. H.
N Engl J Med 2005; 352:692-699, Feb 17, 2005. Review Articles
2002 paper two question 54 Hip fractures risk facture for delerium
2002 paper two question 79 Prevention of delerium
Current Concepts: Delirium in Older Persons
Inouye S. K.
N Engl J Med 2006; 354:1157-1165, Mar 16, 2006. Review Articles
urinary and faecal incontinence,
Drug Therapy: Management of Overactive Bladder
Ouslander J. G.
N Engl J Med 2004; 350:786-799, Feb 19, 2004. Review Articles
- Management of specific diseases with strong age associated risk such as
2002 paper two question 5 dementia and treatment with donepizil
Drug Therapy: Alzheimer's Disease
Cummings J. L. N Engl J Med 2004; 351:56-67, Jul 1, 2004. Review Articles
Early Alzheimer's Disease
Kawas C. H. N Engl J Med 2003; 349:1056-1063, Sep 11, 2003. Clinical Practice
2004 paper two question 30 Stress fracture of the sacrum or pelvis in elderly woman with sudden onset pain and normal bone scan
also covered in Rheumatology
Mechanisms of Disease: Bone Quality - The Material and Structural Basis of Bone Strength and Fragility
Seeman E., Delmas P. D.
N Engl J Med 2006; 354:2250-2261, May 25, 2006. Review Articles
Screening for Osteoporosis
Raisz L. G.
N Engl J Med 2005; 353:164-171, Jul 14, 2005. Clinical Practice
Practice Pressure ulcers
Joseph E Grey, Keith G Harding, and Stuart Enoch
BMJ 2006; 332: 472-475.
- The hazards of drug treatment in elderly people: pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic changes in drug handling with age and disease; the risks of multiple drug prescription; iatrogenic drug-induced diseases; compliance in the elderly.
- The presentation and management of psychiatric illness in old age and its relationship to physical illness.
Clinical review Recent developments: Suicide in older people
Henry O'Connell, Ai-Vyrn Chin, Conal Cunningham, and Brian A Lawlor
BMJ 2004; 329: 895-899.
- The importance of the functional assessment of elderly patients in terms of impairment; disability and handicap that also includes social, psychological and environmental dimensions.
2002 paper one question 54 Habitual gait speed as an indicator of survival and future institutionalisation
- Skill in managing elderly people with complex multiple disabilities.
- An understanding of some of the physical, psychological and social changes that occur with age and attitudes of society towards ageing, and the importance in the face of illness and frailty of promoting older peoples' dignity and sense of identity.
Mortality after the Hospitalization of a Spouse
Christakis N. A., Allison P. D.
N Engl J Med 2006; 354:719-730, Feb 16, 2006. Special Articles
- The use of rating scales in particular clinical situations, for example a mental test score such as the Folstein MMSE, a geriatric depression scale and scoring of activities of daily living using a recognised scale.
- Understanding of important ethical and legal issues in caring for elderly people.
- Understanding the role of aids (including hearing aids) and appliances in the rehabilitation of elderly disabled people.
- Knowledge and skill in assessing competency required for decision making and providing informed consent and knowledge of the legal standing of alternative decision makers.
- Understanding of the medical role in a multidisciplinary team and understanding the role of each discipline in care of the elderly.
- Knowledge of the community services available to support older people at home.
- Importance of health education and health promotion for elderly people.
- Knowledge of residential care facilities.