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Cardiology

Anatomy and physiology |Congenital heart disease |standard ECG, 24 hour ECG monitoring and stress exercise testing | TTE and TOE | Nuclear medicine | cardiac catheterisation and angioplasty | Coronary disease |stable and unstable angina | myocardial infarction | CABG | Cardiac arrhythmias: bradycardia, tachycardia,syncope |Cardiac failure |Pulmonary embolism | Aortic aneurysm and dissection |Hypertension | Cor pulmonale | Cardiomyopathy | Cardiac transplantation | Pericardial disease (including tamponade and constriction) | Endocarditis (prevention and management) | Cardiac changes and problems in pregnancy. |Valve disease : MS | Valve disease : MR | Valve disease : AS | Valve disease : AR | Valve disease : TR |

 

  • Normal cardiac anatomy and physiology. top

exam questions

2001 paper one question 24 abnormal cardiac anatomy on CT - myxoma

2003 paper one question 70

2004 paper one question 14 The force of contraction of normal cardiac myocytes is determined primarily by the passage of calcium ions via Cisternal calcium channels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum

2004 paper one question 41

2004 paper one question 65

references


exam question

2004 paper two question 51

2005 paper two question 81

reference

ACC/AHA 2005 Guideline Update for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Heart Failure in the Adult

Guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of people with chronic heart failure in Australia 2006 Henry Krum, Michael V Jelinek, Simon Stewart, Andrew Sindone, John J Atherton and Anna L Hawkes, on behalf of the CHF Guidelines Core Writers. MJA MJA 2006; 185 (10): 549-556

Guidelines for the prevention, detection and management of people with chronic heart failure in Australia 2006 , by the National Heart Foundation of Australia and Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand.

Medical Progress: Heart Failure
Jessup M., Brozena S. N Engl J Med 2003; 348:2007-2018, May 15, 2003. Review Articles

Mechanisms of Disease: Hormones and Hemodynamics in Heart Failure Schrier R. W., Abraham W. T.
N Engl J Med 1999; 341:577-585, Aug 19, 1999. Review Articles

Mechanisms of Disease: Aldosterone in Congestive Heart Failure
Weber K. T. N Engl J Med 2001; 345:1689-1697, Dec 6, 2001. Review Articles

Diastolic Heart Failure Aurigemma G. P., Gaasch W. H.
N Engl J Med 2004; 351:1097-1105, Sep 9, 2004. Clinical Practice

Mechanisms of Disease: The Failing Heart- An Engine Out of Fuel
Neubauer S. N Engl J Med 2007; 356:1140-1151, Mar 15, 2007. Review Articles